Is a cautiously and elaborate study into a particular problem, care, or issue using the scientific method. It is a process of gathering information about a particular topic and fills up the research gaps regarding particular topic. This is best accomplished by turning the issue into a question, with the design of the research to answer the question. Firstly to identify the problem regarding research can take that to literature review and mention the purpose of research.
Making questions regarding research that helps in data gathering and adopt a methodology for data collection. If we collect the data from different sources you can verify the data. Now analyzing and interpreting the data. After that they are going to reporting and evaluating the research. At last, the researcher can communicate the research findings, possibilities and given recommendations for upcoming and existing researchers. Basically they provide sources for other researchers to fill the research gaps that researcher not compete it.